Big cities got bigger and a couple mid-sized cities exploded.
Immigration didn’t change as much as you might think.
And while property values haven’t fully recovered, post-recession, the cost of renting a home or apartment has surged, adding to conditions that have resulted in broad jumps in homelessness.
Those are some of the ways in which Southern California has changed over the past decade, according to Census Bureau estimates released to the public today.
Though the census numbers show some state-to-state comparisons (California is the most impoverished state in the union when factoring housing into the mix), the Southern California News Group used the data to look at the five biggest cities in Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties. The numbers were snapshots from 2006 and 2016, offering a statistical glimpse of the region before and after the recession of 2007 and ’08 and the long, slow recovery that followed.
The data tells stories about population, poverty rates, education levels and migration patterns, among other things.
The easiest number to digest is about people.
Los Angeles is still biggest kid on the block in Southern California, with nearly 4 million residents. But it grew only about 5 percent over the decade, even as other communities grew at much faster clips.
Irvine, the city with the beige reputation and a strong international flair, saw its population increase 46 percent, the biggest jump of the 20 cities tracked. The budding wine burg of Temecula was close behind, growing 43 percent to about 112,000.
Big population increases also were seen in Murrieta (23 percent), Victorville (21 percent) and Fontana (19 percent).
Cities that grew slowly included Long Beach, just 1 percent, while Santa Ana was the only city examined to see its population decline, by 5 percent, to about 334,000.
Overall, population grew in all four counties. Riverside was up 18 percent; San Bernardino 7 percent, Orange 6 percent, and Los Angeles 2 percent.
While population, overall, grew in Southern California, the makeup of that population – at least based on race, ethnicity and country of origin – shifted at different rates in different communities.
One trend common in the region since 2006 is that the share of non-Latino white people is declining. That racial group shrunk as a share of the population in 19 of the 20 cities surveyed, and in the one city where it didn’t drop (Fontana) it stayed the same, at 15.4…