Vietnamese Art Has Never Been More Popular. But the Market Is Full of Fakes.

Even esteemed Vietnamese art institutions, including major national museums, have showcased paintings they acknowledged were not authentic. Likewise, the auction houses Christie’s and Sotheby’s, as well as a consultant who worked for both of them, have sold works later dismissed by some experts as fakes.

Some of Vietnam’s greatest artists are enjoying a moment of increasing world attention, especially those who studied at the French-influenced Fine Arts College of Indochina before World War II. The best of them synthesize European post-Impressionist trends with classical Asian styles and subjects, and their work is commanding higher prices.

Vietnamese art remains a niche market globally but is surging in popularity at international auctions. In April, a late 1930s painting by one artist, Le Pho, sold for nearly $1.2 million at a Sotheby’s auction in Hong Kong, breaking the $844,000 record set by another of his paintings in 2014.

But artists and dealers complain that the proliferation of fakes is dragging down the value of Vietnamese art.

Photo

The artist Nguyen Thanh Chuong, with a painting identified in a museum as the work of one of Vietnam’s best-known artists, Ta Ty, from 1952. Mr. Chuong, however, says he painted it in the 1970s.

Credit
Quinn Ryan Mattingly for The New York Times

Vietnam’s nouveau riche, who have begun to pay high prices for local artists, are a prime target for unscrupulous traders. So are international buyers, whose faith that they are buying the genuine article is bolstered by the institutions that vouch for it.

The Fine Arts Museum in Ho Chi Minh City, where the disputed painting by Ta Ty, who died in 2004, was part of the exhibition “Paintings Returned From Europe,” rents its walls to private collectors, giving their paintings the imprimatur of the top museum in Vietnam’s largest city.

The 17 paintings in the exhibition belonged to Vu Xuan Chung, a Vietnamese art dealer who said he paid the museum about $1,300 to hold the 12-day event last year.

“A museum is the ultimate venue to validate a work of art,” said Colette Loll, founder and director of Art Fraud Insights, a Washington consulting firm.

After questions surfaced about the paintings, the museum quickly determined that none of the 17 paintings were created by the painters claimed by the exhibition. Museum officials…

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