European Union members had initially pushed for a tougher resolution calling for an international investigation on the scale of a commission of inquiry, but they dropped that proposal when it became clear that it lacked African support and Congolese ministers said they would not let its members into the country.
On Friday, the European Union members decided instead to support a resolution put forward by African countries that in different language also provided for an independent inquiry.
The Congolese authorities hailed that outcome as a triumph. Council members “had no other choice but to submit to our position because we are a sovereign country,” said Lambert Mende, the Congolese government’s spokesman.
Investigations will be led by the government, and experts provided by the United Nations will provide technical and logistical support, Congo’s ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, Zenon Mukongo Ngay, told the council. Criticizing states that were “harassing the D.R.C. on a daily basis,” he said any new evidence would be discussed with the government before being made public.
Diplomats and human rights groups pointed out that his statement bore little relation to the language of the resolution. The resolution says Mr. Hussein will select the experts, who are to work to international standards, receive the full cooperation and support of Congolese authorities and have unhindered access to all areas.
The United States would have liked a stronger resolution, Jason Meek, the head of its human rights delegation, told the council, expressing doubt that the Congolese government had “the will and capacity to complete a transparent and credible investigation.”
The American ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki R. Haley, said that the investigators must be allowed to work without interference and that Congo’s government must cooperate. “If they fail to do so,” Ms. Haley said, “the Council must…