Typhoid Fever – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Typhoid is a common bacterial disease caused by salmonella typhi. The infection is triggered by ingestion of food, contaminated water with the feces of infected person that contains bacterium salmonella typhi. The infection causes high typhoid fever leading to the damage of small intestine. Typhoid Fever received several names like gastric fever, abdominal typhus, infantile ramittant fever, slow fever, nervous fever, pythogenic fever. Typhoid fever is divided into four stages.

In the first week, there is slow rise in the body temperature along with headache, malaise, bradycardia, and decrease in the count of white blood cells. Nose bleeding and abdominal pain is also examined in one fourth of the cases. In the second week of infection, there is high body temperature, red spots on chest and abdomen. There are rhonchi in the lung bases. Diarrhea occurs at this stage, there are 6-8 times green stool with characteristic smell comparable to pea soup. In the third week of typhoid fever situation gets worse and complicated like intestinal hemorrhage, metastatic abscesses, neuropsychiatric symptom etc.

Several health campaigns have been organized since years, to generate awareness among the people on health issues. It is important to keep your surroundings neat, wash your hands after defecating and before having food is important to avoid bacterial infection. A bacterium that causes typhoid fever is spread through contaminated water, hygiene habits, insects, public sanitation conditions etc. the bacteria enters into your intestine, than to your bloodstream where they can get into your liver, gallbladder, lymph, spleen and other parts of the body.

Typhoid fever at an early stage gives you headache, abdominal pain, increased body temperature and diarrhea when the situation gets worse. Other symptoms of typhoid fever are;

•  Abdominal tenderness
•  Agitation
•   Blood stool
•  Chills
•  Confusion
•  Difficulty paying attention
•  Delirium
•  Fluctuating mood
•  Hallucination
•  Nosebleed
•  Fatigue
•  Weakness

Antibiotics are proved effective in killing the bacteria salmonella typhi. Several antibiotics have come across to treat typhoid fever. Chloramphenicol is widely used due to less risk of side effects from it. Antibiotic is prescribed according to the geographical condition from and the result of cultures once occurred. With the correct antibiotics, there is improvement in usually one or two days or within 10 days. Treatment for…

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