Eczema is a general term for many types of skin disorders. A second name for eczema is dermatitis. Since eczema is a broad term, the most common form of disease that is considered under eczema is atopic dermatitis. However, the term eczema is often used interchangeably with atopic dermatitis.
Eczema is a skin condition which causes the skin to become itchy. It is seen that the disease often happens with hay fever and asthma. Due to eczema, any area of the skin may get affected but it typically occurs on the arms and behind the knees.
There are many different forms of eczema. Eczema may affect people of any age but the disease is more likely to be seen in children or infants. A study reveals that this disease is more likely to happen in children five years or younger and it happens to resolve itself in three years. In some of the cases, the disease tends to occur throughout life. People suffering from eczema often have a family history of this disease. Atopic dermatitis, which is known as the most common form of eczema, is caused by food allergies, asthma and allergic rhinitis. All these tend to occur in sequence and they are considered as indicators for other allergic diseases as well.
The exact causes of eczema are unknown. However, it is said to be caused due to a disturbance in the immune system and skin sensitivity. Eczema may get worse due to stress, depression and other emotional disorders. According to many experts, it is a genetic skin condition. It is said that eczema has a connection with hay fever and asthma. Patients suffering from this disease often have a history of asthma and hay fever in their families.
Signs and Symptoms:
Eczema has several signs and symptoms. They include:
- Red or brown colored patches
- Cracked or thickened skin
- Small bumps in the skin
- Sensitive skin
Eczema can appear on different parts of the body. There is no fixed place where eczema might occur. It can appear anywhere in the body. At times, eczema becomes very severe and can last for many years. Itching may become severe making the skin more sensitive. Once the disease gets severe, it becomes difficult to resolve it in a short period of time.
There are a few treatment methods that have been identified to resolve this disease.
- Creams and ointments are most advised methods of treatment. This method is helpful but prolonged use may cause side effects like thinning of skin and irritation.
- Antibiotics are another treatment…