New Gravitational Wave Detection From Colliding Black Holes

Photo

The LIGO and Virgo detectors in the United States and Europe identified gravitational waves emitted by the collision of two black holes 1.8 billion light years away. The location of the black holes in the night skies is visualized in this map.

Credit
LIGO/Virgo

In another step forward for the rapidly expanding universe of invisible astronomy, scientists said on Wednesday that on Aug. 14 they had recorded the space-time reverberations known as gravitational waves from the collision of a pair of black holes 1.8 billion light years away from here.

It was the fourth time, officially, in the last two years that astronomers have detected such ripples from the cataclysmic mergers of black holes – objects so dense that space and time are wrapped around them like a glove so that not even light can escape.

Video

LIGO Hears Gravitational Waves Einstein Predicted

About a hundred years ago, Einstein predicted the existence of gravitational waves, but until now, they were undetectable.


By DENNIS OVERBYE, JONATHAN CORUM and JASON DRAKEFORD on Publish Date February 11, 2016.


Photo by Artist’s rendering/Simulating eXtreme Spacetimes.

Watch in Times Video »

In the August event, one black hole with about 31 times the mass of the Sun and another with 25 solar masses, combined to make a hole of 53 solar masses. The remaining three solar masses were converted into gravitational waves that radiated more energy than all the stars in the known universe. The observation is in line with earlier gravitational wave detections, confirming an evolving view of the cosmic night.

The detection, announced at a G7 meeting of science ministers in Turin, Italy, and in a paper in the journal Physical Review Letters, marked the successful debut of a new gravitational wave detector known as Virgo, built by a European collaboration and located in Cascina, close to Pisa, Italy.

The first detections of gravitational waves had been made by a pair of L-shaped antennas, called LIGO, in Hanford, Wash. and Livingston, La., which…

Read the full article from the Source…

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *