‘It’s OK if you don’t want to talk to me’: King County deputies will use simpler Miranda warning for young people

The King County sheriff’s office says it’s trying to make it easier for kids to understand their rights when they get arrested.

Sheriff John Urquhart says deputies will provide juveniles a simpler version of the Miranda warning. For example, instead of saying, “You have the right to remain silent” and “Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law,” deputies will tell them, “You have the right to remain silent, which means that you don’t have to say anything,” and “It’s OK if you don’t want to talk to me.”

The new warning was developed in collaboration with the county’s Department of Public Defense and Creative Justice, a community-based nonprofit that works with children.

The simplified warnings, according to the sheriff’s office, are consistent with research on adolescent brain science that shows teens are not fully developed in their judgment, problem-solving and decision-making capabilities. Adolescents, the studies show, are more likely than adults to waive their Miranda rights and are vulnerable to going along with police when they ask teens if they want to talk.

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Here is the newly adopted Miranda warning that will be read in addition to the traditional version:

1. You have the right to remain silent, which means that you don’t have to say anything.

2. It’s OK if you don’t want to talk to me.

3. If you do want to talk to me, I can tell the juvenile court judge or adult court judge and probation officer what you tell me.

4. You have the right to talk to a free lawyer right now.  That free lawyer works for you and is available at any time – even late at night.  That lawyer does not tell anyone what you tell them.  That free lawyer helps you decide if it’s a good idea to answer questions.  That free lawyer can be with you if you want to talk with me.

5.  If you start to answer my questions, you can change your mind and stop at any time. I won’t ask you any more questions.

Then:

1. Do you understand? (If yes, then continue to number 2)

2. Do you want to have a lawyer? (If no, then continue to number 3)

3. Do you want to talk with me? (If yes, then proceed with questioning)

 

For comparison, here is the conventional version

1. You have the right to remain silent.

2. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law.

3. You have the right to an attorney. If you…

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