The global temperature of Earth is expected to rise by more than 2 degrees celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century, and this can lead to an inundation of large areas of land. Climate change has also been linked to deaths, diseases and suicides, according to many studies.
While many countries have taken concrete steps to tackle the problem, studies and data revealed that a lot more needs to be done, especially by some of the fastest growing economies.
One of the studies published in the journal Nature Climate Change has revealed that there is a 95 percent chance that the temperature is likely to rise by 2 degrees celsius. The study also reveals that there is only a one percent chance that the warming would be less than 1.5 degrees celsius.
“The likely range of global temperature increase is 2.0-4.9 [degrees Celsius] and our median forecast is 3.2 C,” said Adrian Raftery, author of the study, CNN reported.
“Our model is based on data which already show the effect of existing emission mitigation policies. Achieving the goal of less than 1.5 C warming will require carbon intensity to decline much faster than in the recent past.”
Another study in the same journal analyzed greenhouse gases emission and concluded that even if humans stop using fossil fuels, they still would not be able to stop the heating of the planet by 2 degrees celsius by 2100. The study revealed that if emissions continue for 15 more years, it is likely that the temperature might increase by 3 degrees by 2100.
“Even if we would stop burning fossil fuels today, then the Earth would continue to warm slowly,” Thorsten Mauritsen, author of the second study told CNN. “It is this committed warming that we estimate.”
According to another study released by the Union of Concerned Scientists last month, cities along the Jersey Shore and in parts of North Carolina, South Louisiana, and neighboring areas that have been known to be vulnerable for years are expected to be made inundated by 2035.
By 2060, cities like Galveston, Texas, Sanibel Island, Florida, Hilton Head, South Carolina, Ocean City, Maryland, and many others along the Jersey Shore could also become inundated.
According to the list, more than 50 cities with a population of more than 100,000 could be affected by the end of the century. Cities like Boston, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and four of the five boroughs of New York will be inundated.
The study underlines that while the situation is crucial, the U.S. can still make…