If robots are going to steal human jobs, it’s only fair that they pay taxes too, right?
That’s the logic behind the robot income tax, a possible solution to the next wave of job displacement that’s expected as a result of automation.
In a report released last year, market research firm Forrester predicts robots will take over five per cent of jobs in the U.S. by 2021, with the transportation and customer service industries being hit particularly hard.
A Canadian study that looks two decades down the road predicts the figure will jump to more than 42 per cent of jobs, including in white collar industries such as law and accounting.
There are two commonly cited solutions to help mitigate the pain: Retraining displaced workers for careers in fields that are less likely to be automated, such as child care, and providing a universal basic income.
But both solutions cost money, and the money needs to come from somewhere. Some policy-makers argue it should come from the robots replacing human labour.
How it works
Jane Kim, a municipal politician in San Francisco, launched a campaign this week called the Jobs of the Future Fund to study how a statewide income tax on job-stealing machines might work.
Assuming automation is inevitable, Kim proposes that proceeds from the tax bankroll new opportunities (for those of us who aren’t made up of chips and data) through job retraining and investments in education.
Since robots can’t actually pay taxes on their own (for now), a company that employs robots might pay the government a tax in accordance with how much money each robot has generated, or based on the profits that come from the labour savings of an automated workforce.
The idea of a robot tax was first introduced earlier this year by Bill Gates, who said in an interview with Quartz: “Right now if a human worker does $50,000 worth of work in a factory that income is taxed. If a robot comes in to do the same thing, you’d think we’d tax the robot at a similar level.”
The Microsoft co-founder also points out there are still plenty of things humans are innately better at than robots, particularly roles that require empathy such as caring for the elderly or helping kids with special needs….