Archery fishing, or bow fishing, has been around human being ever since the bow and arrow themselves were born. There are many people in the West think that only poorer tribesmen in Third World countries go bow fishing. However, the fact is quite different.
These days the hunting of mammals is stringently regulated and so some people who like to hunt with a bow will switch to bow fishing if the animals that they like to pursue, say deer, are out of season. Some other people, who would not kill a deer or bear are very happy to kill fish in this way.
Bow fishing is a skillful sport, but the equipment need not necessarily be hi-tech. The fact is that you can utilize whatever bow you have or you can just manufacture one. It does not have to be strong, because the quarry is rarely more than ten feet away. You definitely do not have to have a 100 lbf longbow to kill a trout.
Having said that, any bow used for fishing will need to be modified slightly – you will need to affix a reel to it, but it does not have to be anything special. There are three main types of reel for use in bow fishing: hand-wrap, spincast and retriever and the line is normally braided nylon of about eighty pounds although you may need six hundred pound breaking strain line for alligators or sharks.
It is worth checking out the laws with regard to bow fishing in your country or state, because sometimes bow fishermen have to be licensed and sometimes getting that license requires having attended a safety course.
Some regions will even have by-laws regarding the kind of equipment you can use in bow fishing and of course, some fish have seasonal restrictions.
Bow fishing is a hybrid of fishing and hunting, so you may have to acquire some new skills like tying knots for instance. You will need to be able to tie the line to the reel and the arrow and those knots will have to be able to put up with the incredible acceleration that an arrow leaving a bow goes through without…