History speaks of Alexander of Macedonia as “Alexander the Great” because he is known to be a brave young ruler who left his homeland on a quest to conquer whole of the world at a young age of 23 and captured various countries of the world, with the total area under his dominion measuring about 1.7 million square miles. The amazing thing is that all this happened within a time span of no more than 10 years. It is definitely worth mentioning, but isn’t it a bit unfair to praise a person for some deed and not even mention the name of the other(s) who outclass the previously mentioned one? Indeed, it is; whether one agrees with it or not.
Well, we are talking about none other than Umar Farooq (R.A), the second Caliph of Islam. Those of you who might not be very well aware, it is a historic fact that Umar (R.A) expanded the horizons of nascent Islamic republic of his times to an area measuring about 2.2 million square miles. It is not just that Umar (R.A) captured a piece of land measuring more than how much of it was done by Alexander of Macedonia; it is more about the difference of circumstances and resources as well.
Talking of Alexander, he was a crown prince with best of resources available to him all through his childhood. Being a heir to an already established kingdom, he was trained by best fighters and soldiers. On the other hand, Umar Farooq (R.A) was a common man who had nothing to do with royal ancestry even in his past 7 generations. However, behind him was the strength of the truest religion of Islam and greatest of all teachers and Prophets, Muhammad (PBUH) who groomed him so well.
In fact, Umar (R.A) was one of the most blatant critics of Muhammad (PBUH) and Islam who converted to Islam after hearing great and true verses of Quran by his own sister when he (Umar R.A) was on his way to kill Muhammad (PBUH). Now that is the strength of an ideology that can sublime even the worst of its critics to best of its followers. That is why it is regarded so important for Muslims to learn and Teach Quran.
Now, getting back to the achievements of Umar (R.A); it seems that Alexander was just busy invading a territory and proceeding ahead to go capture the next one. However, Umar (R.A) made sure to put all things in order to any new place he captured. He is known to introduce so many societal reforms in place that some of them prevail today in one form or the other in different places of the world. Some of his major accomplishments also include: