Kiev (Kyiv in Ukrainian), the city which lies on the Dnieper River, is the capital of Ukraine and the largest city in the country. History of the city dates back to 5th century and this fact ranks Kiev to be one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe. From 13th century, the city was overruled by Mongols and later was governed by Lithuania. In 18th century, Kiev became a part of Russian Empire, until it gained independence in 1918 and in 1991 started its role as the capital of Ukraine. Until today, the inhabitants use to speak Russian, mixed with Ukrainian words. Rich and old history left in the city interesting remains of each era.
1. St. Sofia square with Cathedral
At one of the most beautiful sites of Kiev – St. Sofia Square, under the protection of UNESCO World Heritage, lies St. Sophia Cathedral. The cathedral complex built in 1037 is one of the most popular landmarks in the city and includes famous bell tower and House of the Metropolitan. Added to the sites of UNESCO World Heritage, the cathedral from 1996 no longer serves for worships and today posseses in its interior an architectural museum instead. At the square, also monument of Bohdan Khmelnytsky has its place. Khmelnytsky is in Ukraine considered to be a national hero for many people, while his name also can be seen on Ukrainian banknotes.
2. Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
The historic Orthodox Christian monastery was founded in 11th century as an important centre of the Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Eastern Europe. Along with St. Sofia Cathedral, this complex belongs under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site has one of the largest museums in Kiev. The world pachera is translated as cave and because of presence of the extensive underground cave system, the sight is also called the Kiev Cave Monastery. Buildings which were built later are from 17th century and the whole complex carries the architectural style of Ukrainian Baroque.
3. St. Michael Golden Domed Monastery
Monastery which is located on the right bank of Dnieper river on the opposite side to St. Sofia Cathedral. Its history dates back to 11th century, when Sviatopolk II Iziaslavych, supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus from 1093 to 1113, founded the monastery. During the soviet era, the monument had been destroyed and then rebuilt in 1997. The architecture of the monastery is mix of styles of Byzantine and Baroque periods.
4. Independence Square
The central square of Kiev, where especially during the summer popular…