In keeping with changes in the rate of violent crime in Canada, the court system has had to evolve and adapt. To process an increased volume of alleged criminals in the court system, some prosecutors aim for a Summary Conviction which will see an individual face several less serious changes that are punishable by shorter prison sentences and smaller fines. This approach tends to hasten the Criminal Trial Process
.Such an approach is effective as lawyers and court officials work to make an overwhelmed system more efficient. The number of cases heard by the courts ebb and flow with crime rates. Recently, the overall rate of crime in Canada has decreased from an all-time high in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Incidents of assault with a weapon had increased for 7 consecutive years, peaking in 2007. Between 1998 and that year, the rate of offence increased 32%. In the same time period, incidents of aggravated assault increased by 18%.
In 2007, statistics show that the overall violent crime rate fell 3% from its lowest recorded point in 1989. In fact, in 2007, the violent crime rate in Canada hit a 20-year-low. This low followed an explosion of growth in violent crime. As, between 1962 and 2007, the rate of violent crime per 100,000 Canadians had increased by more than 200%.
While the overall violent crime rate has declined, the rate of violence among youth has increased. Considerable resources have gone in to determining what factors influence crime rates among younger demographics.
Youth homicide rates have increased more than 40% since the late 1990s. Experts suspect that among youth, violence is more intense and may escalate more quickly. In other words, crimes among youth tend to be more severe.
Researchers believe that the several factors influence crime rates, including the concentration of people in particular age groups. When there is a concentration of people in what is considered a high crime age group (15 to 25 years old) the incidents of violence tend…