The EU referendum result threw Britain into political chaos with David Cameron resigning as Prime Minister and Theresa May rising to power.
A year on, Mrs May is now severely weakened after losing the Conservative majority just as Britain begins to negotiate its exit from the EU at long last.
Brexit campaigner Nigel Farage said: “This time last year we dared to dream and then won an historic victory. Happy Independence Day!”
Britain may still be a long way off actually leaving the EU, but the referendum on June 23 has changed the very fabric of political loyalties across the UK.
A new report, by the UK in a Changing Europe initiative, has found that the Brexit vote has created new political allegiances based on the Leave-Remain divide.
Professor Anand Menon, director of the UK in a Changing Europe, said: “Profound and fundamental political changes have occurred since the referendum and it remains to be seen how durable they prove to be.
“It is hard, if not impossible, following the snap election to know how the Brexit negotiations will go.
“The attitude our fundamentally divided, between and within parties, Parliament will take is crucial and impossible to predict.”
The report, commissioned by the Political Studies Association, found that Leave and Remain cut across Britain’s two party system in the snap election in June.
Professor John Curtice, the pollster behind the exit poll, said the general election was “more of a Brexit election than immediately meets the eye”.
In the report, he said: “Many a Leave voter switched to the Conservatives, while Remain voters were more inclined to back Labour than their Leave counterparts.
“As a result, the Conservative party in particular won over voters it would not normally be expected to reach.
“The question that now faces the party is whether it can keep them as it tries to negotiate Brexit against the backdrop of a hung parliament, in which there will be pressure on the Prime…