Bipolar disorder can be described as a psychiatric diagnosis of mood disorders.  The condition is defined by presence of one or more episodes that results from increased energy levels, cognition, and mood imbalance including depression episodes. Bipolar disorder is common in both adults and children and is caused by a myriad of factors. It is estimated that approximately 1.2 percent of the population suffers from bipolar disorders. Due to high prevalence of the condition, the best way to live with individuals with bipolar disorder is to accommodate them. Therefore, it involves the efforts of psychiatrists and the whole community to assisting individuals suffering from bipolar disorders.


Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic-depressive illness. It results to extreme mood wings which include high moods (mania) and low moods (depression) (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010). This means that individuals who suffer from bipolar disorder have unstable moods that swing from high to low depending on different conditions. Bipolar disorder mainly involves imbalance of the chemicals that influence brain functions and therefore regulate emotions. The imbalance in chemical that regulate emotions is mainly caused by complex set of genetic and environmental factors which combine with environmental factors to disrupt a number of genes  associated to bipolar disorder.

There are different types of bipolar disorder with system type showing different pattern of symptoms. The different types of bipolar disorders include (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010):

  1. Bipolar I disorder – This type of bipolar disorder results to mood swing which created difficulties in the workplace, school and in normal relationship. It shows severe to dangerous manic episodes.
  2. Bipolar II disorder is less severe compared to Bipolar I disorder. It results to elevated mood, irritability, and changes in normal functioning. However, these individuals normally go on with their daily. These individuals also do not developed full-blown mania but they have hypomania, which is less severe form of mania. Individuals with this type of bipolar however shows elongated periods of depression.
  3. Cyclothymia – This is a mild form of bipolar disorder. Individuals suffering from this form of bipolar usually shows disruptive hyponomanic and depression but the highs and lows associated with this type are less severe compared to Bipolar I and Bipolar II.


Bipolar disorder is prevalent in all communities in the…

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