Basics of Endometriosis

Today there are very few diseases that cannot be treated and the credit goes to our medical science technology and researchers.

But endometriosis is one of the diseases which still require lots of research. It is a painful and chronic condition which commonly occurs in females when the tissue named endometriumis escape from the uterus starts growing on other organs mostly the ovaries, bladder, fallopian tubes and bowel and in some rare cases also grows on the rectum and vagina and outside the abdomen like on lungs.

This condition leads to infertility in women as the endometrial tissue outside the uterus responds to the hormones and may result in bleeding every month. As these tissues grows on other tissues, the blood irritates the surrounding tissue which causes cyst formation called endometriotic cyst that leads to adhesions in severe form and leads to infertility. Approx 30- 40% women are suffering from the infertility due to this condition.

Endometriosis is classifieds on the basis of its spread to the organs and accordingly categorized up to the stage I-IV. As there is no proven treatment available for the condition, women need to manage their condition based on its symptoms .In addition it is difficult to diagnose the disease early as its symptoms are directly related to the woman’s menstrual cycle and many a times condition is misdiagnosed as pelvic inflammatory disease and cystitis .The common symptoms of the endometriosis are very much similar to the menstruation like mild pain in lower abdomen, heavy periods, aches etc. Symptoms like painful intercourse, severe cramping, painful bowel movements are also noticed in some cases.

Different researchers have different opinions for the cause of this condition. Various theories exist but the real cause of the condition remains unclear. Some say the endometrial tissue outside the uterus disrupts the ovulation process whereas some say that it may block eggs movement in the fallopian tubes.

Sometimes condition can occur at teen age and sometimes occur after the onset of regular menstruation. It can affect about 10-15% of reproductive age women who menstruate and also lead to the infertility and as a result some women face trouble in getting pregnant.

If you are suffering from any of the above condition, it is advisable to seek immediate professional help or consult to an experienced doctor who has in depth knowledge about the condition and is able to guide you well according to your case.

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